State aid schemes

The aim of regional state aid is to support economic development and job creation in Europe’s most disadvantaged regions. In general terms, state aid means any aid (regardless of its form) granted to certain enterprises (actors carrying out economic activities) by public authorities. To the extent that this type of aid distorts competition and affects trade, it is not compatible with the internal market, unless the Treaties provide otherwise.

The rules set out in the guidelines form the basis for Member States to draw up regional aid maps in which they can identify: (1) the areas in which enterprises can receive regional state aid; and (2) the intensity of that aid. The guidelines apply, in principle, to all sectors of economic activity except the following activities:

  • sectors in which regional aid is not compatible with the internal market: steel and synthetic fibers;
  • the sectors in which the aid is subject to specific legal instruments and / or other guidelines on state aid: fisheries and aquaculture, agriculture (with certain specific exceptions), transport, airports, energy;
  • activities considered incompatible with the internal market, unless the general conditions set out in the guidelines and additional specific conditions are met: broadband networks and research infrastructures.

In Romania, 2 state aid schemes are currently open, managed at the level of the Ministry of Finance:

  • Government Decision no. 807/2014 for the establishment of state aid schemes having as objective the stimulation of investments with major impact in the economy, with the subsequent modifications and completions
  • Government Decision no. 332/2014 on the establishment of a state aid scheme that promotes regional development by creating jobs, with subsequent amendments and completions

The intensity of co-financing for the regions of the country are represented in the map below: